Infant Journal
for neonatal and paediatric healthcare professionals

Infant journal is the leading UK publication for the multidisciplinary team that cares for vulnerable sick or premature babies in their first year of life. Published bi-monthly, the journal contains authoritative articles with a clinical or practical bias written by experts in their field.

Abstracts of all articles are freely accessible by using the site search, or by browsing back issues. The full text of articles published from 2005 until September 2019 are available free of charge.

Recent issues are available on subscription via our online shop.

Current issue: September 2021

Do we know how to treat PDA with paracetamol? Current evidence on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of paracetamol for hsPDA closure in extreme preterm infants
Anupam Gupta, Arin Mukherjee
Paracetamol is increasingly used for the treatment of a haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) and is touted as a better alternative to ibuprofen, the current drug of choice in the UK. This review examines the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCT) comparing paracetamol with ibuprofen, in terms of dose and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles. It appears that there is a lot to ascertain before paracetamol can be confidently used over ibuprofen for management of hsPDA in preterm infants.

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Nocardial pneumonia in an extremely preterm infant
Wail Seleem, Michael Narvey, Sergio Fanella
We describe a case of nocardial pneumonia due to Nocardia farcinica in a preterm infant of 25 weeks’ gestation, which is an extremely rare diagnosis in this age group. The infant was subsequently diagnosed with possible chronic granulomatous disease, a known risk factor for this infection. To our knowledge, this case represents the first report of an in-hospital presentation of nocardial pneumonia in an extremely low birthweight neonate.

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Therapeutic hypothermia in neonates: do we cool outside the entry criteria?
Ourania Pappa, Aliki Bogiatzopoulou, Elisa Smit, Archana Mishra
This survey reviews current cooling practice of level 3 neonatal units (NNUs) in the UK with regard to treatment of babies who do not fulfil the existing cooling entry criteria. We collected replies from 78% of tertiary NNUs. More than 80% of tertiary units consider cooling or have cooled babies from at least one of the ‘outside the entry criteria’ categories. An analysis of the replies is discussed.

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Problems and perceptions around severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Amitava Sur, Omendra Narayan, Anshuman Paria, Stuart Wilkinson, Savi Sivashankar, Andrew Cox, Jasim Shihab
Advances in neonatal care have led to increased survival of the extreme preterm infant, yet bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) as a comorbidity has shown an increasing trend. A major proportion of preterm infants who remain invasively ventilated at term-corrected gestational age go on to require long-term respiratory support yet the management and prognosis for severe BPD shows wide regional variation depending on availability of resources. This article addresses conundrums regarding the management of severe BPD and the care pathway, including a survey of practice to give a UK regional perspective.

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Full articles available from the current issue ...

Open access:

From the September 2019 edition

 FREE  Management and outcome for babies born with an exomphalos
Sarah Louise Williamson, Louise Lawrence, Anthony Lander, Shree Vishna Rasiah

Exomphalos is an abdominal wall defect that is commonly associated with other abnormalities and/or chromosomal anomalies; however, there is limited information about the incidence of co-morbidities, management strategies and outcomes in this population. This retrospective case review describes key outcomes for 29 infants with exomphalos admitted to a surgical neonatal intensive care unit over a nine-year period.

 FREE  Enteral tube feeding in infants
Katherine Burnand, Joe Curry

 FREE  Haemorrhagic shock revealing a neonatal Wilms’ tumour
Fatma Fitouri, Yasmine Houas, Nizar Sassi, Sondes Sahli, Mourad Hamzaoui

 FREE  Speech and language therapy referrals following Bayley-III developmental assessment on ex-preterms
Sagarika Ray

Use our site search to find more 'open access' Infant articles

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Embrace neonatal MRI system: mitigating infection risk in the NICU

Published in Volume 16/Issue 3, May 2020

Supplier Guide

Our supplier guide provides a searchable database of companies involved in supporting the care of sick and premature infants, grouped by product or service category. You can search by an area of activity, company name or by a combination of these.

Sentec Medical

Sentec Medical

is proud sponsor of our Supplier Guide's Respiration section.

In the latest news...

NPPG issues position statement on chlorhexidine for skin cleansing in neonates

November 9, 2021

NMPA, PMRT, MBRRACE-UK and NCHDA publish new reports

November 2, 2021

South West charity premieres second nationwide neonatal animation

November 2, 2021
Neonatal charity, the NICU Foundation, has launched its second animation aimed at supporting new parents as they prepare to take their baby home following a stay on a neonatal unit.

WaterWipes supports World Prematurity Day 2021

November 2, 2021
World Prematurity Day on 17 November marks a day where the world comes together to raise awareness of preterm birth and WaterWipes is intending to connect with vital hospitals, charities, and other organisations across the globe to support families with premature babies.