Infant Journal
for neonatal and paediatric healthcare professionals

Infant journal is the leading UK publication for the multidisciplinary team that cares for vulnerable sick or premature babies in their first year of life. Published bi-monthly, the journal contains authoritative articles with a clinical or practical bias written by experts in their field.

Abstracts of all articles are freely accessible by using the site search, or by browsing back issues. The full text of articles published from 2005 until July 2020 are available free of charge.

Recent issues are available on subscription via our online shop.

Current issue: July 2022

Optimising the management of respiratory distress in late preterm and early term babies
Elaine M Boyle, Charles C Roehr
Respiratory distress is a common reason for neonatal unit admission in late preterm and early term infants. These babies are also more likely than their full-term counterparts to experience long-term respiratory problems. A lack of research in this large group of babies has led to very wide variation in clinical practice, which may affect outcomes. The SurfON multicentre trial is investigating whether early administration of surfactant, when compared to expectant management, reduces the length of neonatal hospital stay and reduces the progression to more severe respiratory illness for late preterm and early term babies with respiratory distress.

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Supraventricular tachycardia induced by a peripherally inserted central catheter in a preterm baby
Ahmed Yousef
Peripheral insertion of a central catheter is an essential procedure, which is frequently performed in extremely premature babies as well as those that are critically ill. This article reports on the case of a preterm infant who developed supraventricular tachycardia as a consequence of a malpositioned peripherally inserted central catheter in the cardiac chambers.

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The impact of cognitive ergonomics in everyday clinical decision making and frontline tasks
Claudia Chetcuti Ganado
Performing healthcare tasks relies on cognitive function involving mental processes such as perception, attention, memory, learning, information processing and decision making. However, the conditions of the healthcare environment can make it challenging for a human to perform cognitively demanding work tasks. This article considers the impact of cognitive ergonomics on everyday clinical tasks and decision making and asks, is it time to employ human factor ergonomic experts within clinical and governance teams?

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An evidence-based initiative to increase use of own mother’s milk in a NICU: the impact of COVID-19
Catarina Garcia, Tânia Marques, Leonor Antunes, Sónia Semião, Rosalina Barroso
This article describes a quality improvement approach to increase the use of own mother’s milk (OMM) during the first 14 days of life for infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a neonatal tertiary centre in Portugal. The project coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic, providing an opportunity to assess the impact of COVID-19 on lactation practices and OMM doses.

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Full articles available from the current issue ...

Open access:

From the July 2020 edition

 FREE  Using the PARCA-R to assess children’s cognitive and language development at two years of age
Samantha Johnson, Vasiliki Bountziouka

Developmental assessment at two years of age is important for both clinical and research purposes, for which standardised measures are needed. Developmental tests frequently require significant time and resources to administer, making them challenging to implement on a large scale. In contrast, the PARCA-R (Parent Report of Children’s Abilities – Revised) is a standardised parent questionnaire that can be used to assess children’s cognitive and language development at 24 months of age. Here we describe the development of the PARCA-R and key information needed to use the questionnaire in clinical practice

 FREE  Mortality data by day of life: should this be part of parental counselling on the neonatal unit?
Jennifer Salvanos, Anne E. Bean, Simon J. Clark

 FREE  Administration of surfactant via the LISA technique in a level 3 unit in Scotland
Asma Yasmeen, Anirban Ghosh, Richard Boulton, Allan Jackson, Carolyn Abernethy

 FREE  A neonate with congenital nephrotic syndrome
Jennifer Peterson, Ramiyya Tharumakunarajah, Yasser Masood, Susan Kamupira, Nicholas Plant

Use our site search to find more 'open access' Infant articles

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Supplements and Advances in Practice

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Embrace neonatal MRI system: mitigating infection risk in the NICU

Published in Volume 16/Issue 3, May 2020

Supplier Guide

Our supplier guide provides a searchable database of companies involved in supporting the care of sick and premature infants, grouped by product or service category. You can search by an area of activity, company name or by a combination of these.


The eleven main sectors of our Supplier Guide are available for sponsorship. See more details on our advertising page.

In the latest news...

Neonatal cooling education resources help treat asphyxiated babies

August 5, 2022
A new educational resource package has been developed by NHS Education for Scotland and partners to assist with training and educating clinical staff in accordance with the Scottish Neuroprotection Care Pathway.

Refurbished NICU opens at QEH

August 5, 2022
The neonatal intensive care unit at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital King’s Lynn, reopened in July following a refurbishment and modernisation.

National Child Mortality Database publishes its latest report

August 5, 2022
The National Child Mortality Database (NCMD) has published its latest thematic report on the contribution of newborn health to child mortality across England.