Infant Journal
for neonatal and paediatric healthcare professionals

Neonatal Research Priority Setting Partnership: help wanted

Katie Evans
Neonatal Research Priority Setting Partnership Project Co-ordinator and Clinical Research Fellow in Neonatal Medicine at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital
katie.evans7@nhs.net

Chris Gale
Academic Neonatologist and Neonatal Society Meeting Secretary

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Keywords
neonatal urology; urinary retention; urinary outflow obstruction; pseudotumoral cystitis; eosinophilic cystitis disorders
Key points
  1. All parents should be advised to seek urgent medical attention if their baby has not passed urine within 24 hours of birth, especially those who are more at risk due to antenatal renal abnormalities.
  2. Acute urinary retention in a newborn is a surgical emergency and needs to be managed urgently.
  3. Posterior urethral valves are the most common cause of urinary outflow obstruction in male infants; however, when it is not clear it is important to consider the possibility of an obstructing mass or retention secondary to neurological causes.