Infant Journal
for neonatal and paediatric healthcare professionals

A call for zero separation – restrictive policies and their impact on neonatal care in light of COVID-19

More than one year into the pandemic and we are well aware that COVID-19 is affecting neonatal care. In many places, possibly in more ways than we initially appreciated. Recent scientific research has revealed that neonatal care in low- and middle-income countries has been affected to an extent that threatens the implementation of life-saving interventions.1 Reasons for this development are certainly plentiful, including the concerns of medical staff and parents about contracting the coronavirus – a worry that in many places had been accelerated by the immense pressure put on the health system.

Sarah Fuegenschuh
Head of Communications

Johanna Kostenzer
Head of Scientific Affairs – Maternal and Newborn Health

European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants

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assessment; cognitive development; language development; parent report; neurodevelopmental outcomes
Key points
  1. The PARCA-R can be used to assess neurodevelopmental outcomes at 23.5 to 27.5 months of age.
  2. The questionnaire takes parents less than 15 minutes to complete.
  3. It produces separate norm-referenced scores for non-verbal cognition and language development.
  4. It can be used to identify developmental delay for all children in the general population.
  5. The PARCA-R is free to use and all available resources can be accessed online at